Visual Observation

Unaided eye observation of meteors is easy and a good way to learn the constellations so great for beginners.


Use the meteor diary on this page to plan when to observe. A dark site is preferred as light polluted skies will flood out the numerous faint meteors and reduce meteor rates observed, so consider driving to a darker site.

Print off the radiant map from the BAA Meteor Section, if the meteor can be traced back to this area then it is from the shower otherwise it is a sporadic, note if you are observing before or after the predicted peak then an adjustment is needed and these can be found in the BAA handbook. Make sure you can recognise this area in the sky when you actually observe.

Equipment Check list

  1. Norton’s 2000.0 Star Atlas
  2. Report Sheets
  3. Watch or clock – accurate to better than 30s and corrected just before you observe (remember to log observations in UT – get in the habit of always writing ‘UT’ after the time to remove any doubt later
  4. Red torch
  5. Several soft pencils (and a sharpener)
  6. mp3 player with voice recorder can be useful to note anything special, start recording, do a time check in the microphone and keep recording for the whole night, regular spoken time checks will help later, this gives you a datum if you need to check your log or if you are describing the meteors and want to log these descriptions.
  7. Deck chair, there is nothing worse that standing up all night with your head back, sit laid back in a nice deck chair.
  8. Warm Clothing – and a blanket (don’t nod off though!)
  9. Food and a flash of hot drink.
  10. A stick about 600mm in length, to help trace back the meteor.
  11. Clip board

Observing tips:

  1. Patience. You might face long intervals between meteors (or clouds – remember to note if it is cloudy).
  2. Concentration. Faint meteors are observed not just ‘seen’, they are easy to miss if you don’t concentrate. If you are tired, cold, or nodding off, stop observing, take a break and have some coffee. It is better to report good observations for a shorter period than a long period where you weren’t really concentrating.
  3. Accuracy. Eyesight and perception vary amongst observers, only report your observations not those that you hear from other observers but didn’t actually see, it isn’t a competition, you are aiming for a true record of what you observed.


Once at the site, use the time that you spend getting dark adapted to record your name, address, and observing site (including latitude and longitude), and date on a few report sheets.. Note the sky conditions, mentioning whether any cloud, moonlight, fog or mist is present. Once you are fully dark-adapted, estimate the magnitude, to the nearest 0.25 mag, of the faintest star you can see in the area of sky being watched (not the zenith). Now you are ready to begin the meteor watch.

Write down the start time of the watch in UT to the nearest minute and using 24hr clock notation. Record the date in the double date format i.e. 2009/08/12-13 (night of the 12th, morning of the 13), this reduces confusion later.

Solo observers should watch the sky 50 degrees above the horizon (about the same altitude as the pole star in the UK), and 30-40 degrees to one side of the shower radiant expected to be active on the night in question this is the best place to see meteors.

As each meteor appears, note whether it was a shower member or a random sporadic, estimate how bright it was, and give its time of appearance to the nearest minute in UT.

Shower or sporadic meteor?

Project the path of the meteor backwards (a stick helps), If the projected path intersects the 8-degree radiant circle, the meteor is a shower member. Otherwise it is a sporadic.


Estimate meteor magnitudes by comparison with nearby stars. Only a rough estimate is necessary ( nearest magnitude). The following comparisons might be useful.

-12.5 Full Moon
-4 Venus
-2 Jupiter
-1 Sirius, Capella, Rigel, Arcturus
+1 Regulus, Spica, Pollux
+2 Belt stars of Orion, Beta Aurigae, Gamma Geminorum, Pointers of Plough, Polaris
+3 Delta Ursae Majoris, Gamma and Delta Leonis, Epsilon Geminorum
+4 Eta Persei, Delta Aurigae, Rho Leonis
+5 Faintest meteors generally visible to naked eye


Note the time of the meteor


Once you have the type, magnitude and time of the meteor noted you can record you description, for example..
• Did it explode?
• Did it have an intense colour?
• Did it have a long-duration persistent train?


Please submit your observations to the BAA Meteor Section as soon as possible after you have made them and to the Society at the next society night.

At the end of the watch, note the time to the nearest minute. Then you can stop, or have a break and start another watch later. Ideally, watches should last for an hour, or multiples of an hour, at a time. Monitor the sky conditions during each watch, as these may change.

Automated Observation:

Meteor Camera:

We operate an automated meteor camera at the pavilion, this camera and our meteor group are open to any members interested in helping reduce the results.

Radio Meteors:

If you are interested in observing meteors with radio please check out these pages.


Main Meteor Showers

(link to dedicated page)
Dates Peak dates
(link to radiant map)
RA DEC Speed (km/s) ZHR Rating
Quadrantids 1 January-5 January 3 January 15:20 +49 41 120 Strong
Virginids 1 March-15 April several 13:00 -04 30 5 Medium
Lyrids 15 April-28 April 22 April 18:04 +34 49 15 Strong
Eta Aquarids 19 April-28 May 6 May 22:32 -01 66 60 Strong
Alpha Scorpiids 1 May-31 May 16 May 16:12 -21 35 5 Medium
Theta Ophiuchids 4 June-15 July 29 June 16:36 -15 29 2 Weak
Alpha Cygnids 11 July-30 July 18 July 20:20 +47 37 2 Weak
Sigma Capricornids 15 July-11 August 20 July 20:28 -15 30 5 Weak
South Delta Aquarids 12 July-19 August 28 July 22:36 -16 41 20 Strong
Alpha Capricornids 3 July-15 August 30 July 20:28 -10 23 4 Medium
North Delta Aquarids 15 July-25 August 8 August 22:20 -05 42 4 Medium
Perseids 17 July-24 August 12 August Radiant Map 03:04 +58 59 90 Strong
Piscids 1 September-30 September 20 September 00:32 +00 26 3 Medium
Orionids 2 October-7 November 21 October 06:20 +16 66 20 Strong
Northern Taurids 1 November-25 November 12 November 03:52 +22 29 5 Medium
Leonids 14 November-21 November 17 November 10:12 +22 71 variable Irregular
Puppid-velids 2 December-16 December 12 December 09:00 -46 40 4 Medium
Geminids 7 December-17 December 14 December Radiant Map 07:28 +33 35 120 Strong
Ursids 17 December-26 December 22 December 14:28 +76 33 10 Strong


Meteor Report for August 2019

A huge number of meteors were detected in August 2019. August continues to be a bumper month for Meteors, dominated by the Perseid’s, but there are many other minor showers contributing to the number detected. We also had our brightest meteor yet, a magnitude...

Meteor Report for July 2019

As the nights start to draw in we have started to see an uplift in the number of Meteors detected. Interestingly the Perseid’s – a well known broadly dispersed shower (peaks on 13th August) were the highest proportion of meteors from known...

Meteor report for June 2019

A total of 11 Sporadic were identified, out of a total of 21 meteors analysed. The brightest being of magnitude...

Meteor Detector Report for May 2019

The short nights and poor weather have conspired to reduce the number of meteors we have been able to detect, but we still managed to detect 44 meteors, 30 of them sporadic....

Meteor Repoprt for January 2019

A cloudy January resulted in a small number of meteors detected, 97 in total, most sporadic, but we did detect 20 Quadrantid’s and identified meteors from 17 different showers. If you want to join in and help with the observations please contact...

Meteors Detected in December 2018

Our automated meteor camera and meteor team, detected 239 meteors in December, despite the cloudy weather, 60 of these were identified as part of the Geminid meteor shower. The brightest meteor detected was a magnitude of -1.8.  During December we identified...

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