Messier 82 (also known as NGC 3034 or the Cigar Galaxy) is a nearby starburst galaxy about 12 million light-years away in the constellation Ursa Major. The starburst galaxy is five times as bright as the whole Milky Way and one hundred times as bright as our galaxy’s centre.
In 2005, the Hubble revealed 197 young massive clusters in the starburst core. The average mass of these clusters is around 2 × 105 solar masses, hence the starburst core is a very energetic and high-density environment. Throughout the galaxy’s centre, young stars are being born 10 times faster than they are inside our entire Milky Way Galaxy.

Images by Simon Dawes

M81 and M81 SD 01

Images by Julian Tworek


Images by Neil Webster

M81 Neil Webster 01